Greeneville, South Carolina

An Act for Establishing a Fair and Markets in the Town of Greeneville, at the Long Bluff

Passed on March 8, 1785

"The Statutes at Large of South Carolina - Volume IV," Pages 649-651 provide "An Act for Establishing a Fair and Markets in the Town of Greeneville, at the Long Bluff, on PeDee River," passed on March 8, 1785:

WHEREAS, Charles Mayson, Evander Mclver, Thomas Powe and William Dewitt, did, by their petition to the honorable the Senate and House of Rerpresentantives of This State, set forth that thev had laid out a town at the Long Bluff on Pedee River, on lands their property, and had forever given and granted to the public of this State the streets in the said town, and also several lots of land for a town house and market place; and, in order to encourage the trade and commerce of that part of the country, the said Charles Mayson, Evander Mclver, Thomas Powe and William Dewit, prayed that two market days might by law be established in the said town, in each week, and public fairs kept and held there at least twice in every year, and be invested with such liberties and privileges as to markets and fairs commonly belong:

I. Be it therefore enacted, by the honorable the Senate and House of Representatives, now met and sitting in General Assembly, and by the authoritv of the same, That all and singular the streets laid out in the said town be forever public, and that the several lots of land designated in the plan of the said town, hereunto annexed, for a town house and market place, and known by the numbers sixty-six and sixty-seven, be vested in the public of this State, and appropriated to those purposes forever.

II. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That there shall be held and kept in the town of Greeneville aforesaid, upon every Tuesday and Saturday in the week, public and open markets, to which markets it shall and may be lawful to and for all and every the inhabitants and sojourners of this or of any of the United States to go, frequent or resort, and thither to carry all sorts of cattle, grain and victuals, provisions and other necessaries, together with all sorts of merchandize whatsoever, and at the public market place to expose to sale or barter, ingress or by retail, between sun-rising and sun-setting of the same days, without, any payment
of any toll, or any other let or hindrance or inolestation whatsoever.

III. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That there shall be likewise held and kept, in the town of Greeneville aforesaid, two fairs in each year, the first annual, to commence the first Monday in May in every year, and to end upon the Thursday then next following, being in all four days inclusive, and no longer; and the second fair to commence the first Monday in October in every year, and to end on the Thursday then next following, being in all four days, and no longer; to which fairs it shall and may be lawful for all and every person or persons, inhabitants, strangers or sojourners of this or of the United States, to the said fairs to go, frequent and resort, and thither to carry or cause to be carried all sorts of cattle, horses, mares, colts, grain, victuals, provision, hemp, flax, tobacco, indigo, madder, and all sorts of merchandize, of what nature soever, and them to expose to sale or barter, in gross or by retail, at the time, hours and seasons that the directors or rulers of the said fair, for the time being, shall proclaim and appoint; which fairs shall be holden, together with a court of piepowders, and with all liberties and free customs to such fairs appertaining or which ought or may appertain, according to the usage
and customs of fairs. And for the more regular government of the said fairs, the majority of the inhabitants of the said town are authorized and empowered to elect and appoint such person or persons as they shall think fit, to be directors or rulers of the said fairs, as also a clerk of the market; which directors or rulers, so appointed and commissioned as aforesaid, are hereby authorized and empowered to have and hold a court of piepowder, together with all liberty and free customs to such appertaining; and that they, and every of them, may have and hold there, at their and every of their respective courts, from day to day and hour to hour, from time to time, upon all occasions, plaints and pleas of a court of piepowders, together with all summons, arrests, attachments, issues, fines, redemptions and commodities, and other rights whatsoever, to the same court of piepowders
appertaining, without any impediment, let or hindrance whatsoever: Provided always, that the directors or rulers of the fairs aforesaid shall publish or cause to be published, within and without the liberties of the said fairs, at the beginning of the fair, how long that fair shall endure, to the intent merchants and others shall not be at the said fairs over the time so published, upon pain of being fined for the same.

IV. And be it further enacted by tlie authority aforesaid, That the directors or rulers of the said fairs shall, yearly, appoint and limit out a special and certain place, within the town of Greeneville aforesaid, where the said fairs shall be held and kept, where horses, mares, colts, geldings and cattle may be sold; in which said certain place there shall be, by the directors or rulers aforesaid, put in and appointed one sufficient person, or more, to
take toll, and keep the same place, from nine o'clock in the morning until sunset of every day of the aforesaid fairs, upon pain to lose and forfeit upon every default, one pound sterling: and that every toll-gatherer, his deputy or deputies, shall, during the time of every of the said fairs, take the sum of six pence sterling, due and lawful toll, for every horse, mare, gelding or colt, or for every head of cattle, and one shilling sterling for every slave, and one penny sterling for every hog, sheep and calf, sold within the said fair, between the hours of nine o'clock in the morning and sunset of the same day; and shall have present at the taking of the same toll, the parties of the bargain, exchange, gift, contract or putting away every such horse, mare, gelding, colt or slave, and also the same horse, mare, gelding, colt or slave, so sold, exchanged or put away ; and shall then write or cause to be written in a book, to be kept for that purpose, the names, sirnames and dwelling places of all the said parties, and the colour, age, and every particular mark and brand of every such horse, mare, gelding, colt or other cattle, and the name or some noted description of the slave, on pain to forfeit, for every default contrary to the intent thereof, the sum of twenty shillings sterling; and the said toll-gatherer, or keeper of the said book, shall, within two days after such fair, bring and deliver his said book to the directors or rulers of the said fair, who shall then cause a note to be made of the true numbers of all horses, mares, geldings, colts, cattle or slaves, sold at the said fair, and shall there subscribe his name; upon pain to him who shall make default thereof to lose and forfeit for every default the sum of twenty shillings sterling, and also to answer to the party grieved by reason of the same, his negligence in
every behalf.

V. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That no person during the time of holding and keeping the said fairs, shall be liable to be taken at the said fairs by virtue or any process, except tor treason, felony or
other capital crime, or breach of the peace, but shall be freed and discharged of the same, if taken and arrested at the said fairs, by the justices or judges of such courts out of which the process was issued.

VI. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That all the fines and forfeitures accruing and arising by virtue of this Act, shall be recovered by warrant under the hand and seal of any one justice of the peace of the said district, and be disposed of, one half to the use of the said town, and the other half to him or them that will prosecute for the same.

In the Senate House, the eighth day of March, in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty-five, and in the ninth year of the Independence of the United States of America.

JOHN LLOYD, President of the Senate.
JOHN FAUCHEREAUD GRIMKE, Speaker of the House of Representatives.



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