The Royal Colony of South Carolina

All Major Roads in the Royal Period

All roads built and used to connect the Carolinas during the Royal Period were major North-South roads. East-West Travel was still primarly via rivers, but as towns were established further inland roads began to to increase in importance, slowly as it was.


The well-established "coastal folks" did not desire to move inland, and if they needed to go inland they used the navigable rivers and Indian Trails that everyone knew and were comfortable using. These had suited them quite well for over sixty (60) years and there was no need to change in their opinion.

In the 1730s, massive immigration into the English colonies started overloading the "frontiers" of Pennsylvania and Virginia, and the "rumblings" of Indian problems that led up to the French and Indian War (1756-1763) were already beginning to flare up on these frontiers.

These two factors led many Scots-Irish, Germans/Swiss (Palatines), Welsh, English, and some French to consider moving southward - plus, land in central Carolina was "dirt cheap" - and, more important - no one had claimed it (except for the Native Americans, but that was a minor detail to them).

Starting with existing Indian Trails, the colonists quickly adapted these into four major North-South "highways," which were started as early as the 1720s in the Carolinas and continuing well into the 1760s. Well over 100,000 immigrants came into the Carolinas via these four critical roads in less than four decades.

This massive influx of "new" people certainly stressed all existing people significantly. Tensions flared between the "newcomers" and the well-established coastal folks, and tensions flared between the "newcomers" and the Native Americans. Things never got totally out of control, but they were very close to the brink - the only thing that prevented it was the outbreak of the American Revolution.

© 2007 - J.D. Lewis - PO Box 1188 - Little River, SC 29566 - All Rights Reserved