The American Revolution in South Carolina

On February 11th, after a long and perilous journey from New York, Sir Henry Clinton landed about 8,500 troops on Edisto Island and Simmons Island (now Seabrook Island) in South Carolina. Since most of the transport ships carrying his horses were sunk in a terrible storm, he sent Brig. Gen. James Patterson and Lt. Col. Banastre Tarleton southward towards Beaufort and Savannah to steal as many horses as they could. They were ordered to remain between Savannah and Charlestown until requested to join Clinton in late March.

As can be seen in the organization chart above, Maj. Gen. Alexander Leslie had 6,839 British Regulars. Brig. Gen. James Patterson brought 1,750 men, some Regulars and some Provincials. Maj. Gen. Henrich Julius von Kospoth brought 1,525 German Auxiliaries, and Col. Edmund Fanning brought his Kings American Regiment of Provincials.

On April 18th, more troop ships brought another 2,566 men from New York, mostly Provincials.

By the time the Patriots surrendered on May 12th, Sir Henry Clinton had assembled 12,847 ground troops around Charlestown. From March 28th to May 12th, he lost 99 men killed, 217 wounded, and 7 captured.

In June, Clinton sailed back to New York with over half of these remaining ground troops. He left about half behind in South Carolina under the command of Lt. Gen. Charles, Lord Cornwallis, who soon sent them all across the state to set up almost 30 outposts from Georgetown to Augusta.

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