South Carolina - Acts on Education Topics

An Act to Establish a Normal and Industrial College in the State of South Carolina for the Education of White Girls.

December 23, 1891

Acts and Joint Resolutions of the General Assembly of South Carolina 1891, Pages 1102-1107.

Section 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of South Carolina, now met and sitting in General Assembly, and by the authority of the same, That there shall be established an institution for the practical training and higher education of white girls, as a branch of the State University, which shall be known as "The South Carolina Industrial and Winthrop Normal College," and shall be located, equipped and conducted as hereinafter provided.

Sec. 2. That the institution shall be managed by a Board of Trustees, composed of the Governor of the State and the State Superintendent of Education and the Chairman of the Committees on Education of the Senate and House of Representatives, who shall be members ex officio, and seven others elected by the Legislature. The regular terms of office of the elected members shall be six years, but the first seven elected shall serve two for two years, two for four years, and three for six years, these terms to be determined by lot after election. The terms of office of the elected members shall date from the first day of January next after their election, and the Legislature shall hold an election every two years to fill vacancies as they may occur by the expiration of the terms of office: Provided, That after the location of said institution has been determined on by the Board of Trustees above provided for, said Board of Trustees shall be increased by two additional members who shall reside at or near the place where the institution is located, said two additional members to be elected by the Board of Trustees and to hold office until the meeting of the General Assembly in 1893. In all cases where there is a vacancy in the Board of Trustees the Governor shall be empowered to fill it by appointment until the next session of the Legislature. The Board of Trustees shall report before the meeting of each General Assembly to the Governor the conditions, needs and operations of the institution.

Sec. 3. That the Secretary of State shall furnish a certificate to each trustee within ten days after his election, notifying him that he has been so elected, and if any trustee fail for the space of thirty days to inform the Governor of his acceptance, then his election shall be void, and his place shall be filled as heretofore provided in cases of vacancy.

Sec. 4. That the first Board of Trustees shall convene within ten days after the adjournment of the Legislature for organization and for the transaction of business. A majority of said Board shall constitute a quorum. Whenever any member of the Board has failed to attend two successive meetings of said Board without rendering an excuse which is satisfactory to and accepted by the Board, his place shall be declared vacant by the Board and shall be filled as heretofore provided. The actual expenses of the members of the Board incurred in attending any of its meetings shall be paid out of the funds of the institution. There shall be at least two regular meetings of the Board of Trustees each year.

Sec. 5. That the Board of Trustees of the South Carolina Industrial and Winthrop Normal College are hereby created a body corporate by the name and style of "The Trustees of the South Carolina Industrial and Winthrop Normal College," and shall by said name have perpetual succession of officers and members, the right to use and keep a common seal, and the same to alter at will; and may sue and be sued, contract and be contracted with, and may own, purchase, sell and convey property, both real, personal and mixed, and are authorized and empowered to receive and hold donations, devises, bequests and legacies for the use and benefit of the said institution: Provided, That all property purchased under the authority of this Act shall be free from liens and incumbrances, and title to the same as well as to any donations that said Board may receive shall be taken in the name of the trustees in their corporate capacity, and shall become the property of the State of South Carolina, They shall have full power and authority, from time to time, to make, constitute and establish such by-laws, rules and orders, not inconsistent with the laws of the land, as to them shall seem necessary and convenient for the better regulation, government, well ordering and directing of themselves as trustees as well as the South Carolina Industrial and Winthrop Normal College, and all officers, teachers or other persons by them employed in and about the same, and all pupils in the said institution. They shall possess all the power necessary for the accomplishment of the trust committed to them, viz: The establishment, conduct and maintenance of a first.class institution for the thorough education of the "white girls" of South Carolina, the main objects of which shall be (1) to give to young women such education as shall fit them for teaching; (2) to give instruction to young women in stenography, typewriting, telegraphy, bookkeeping, drawing, (free hand, mechanical, architectural, ete.,) designing, engraving, sewing, dressmaking, millinery, art needlework, cooking, housekeeping, and such other industrial arts as may be suitable to their sex and conducive to their support and usefulness. Said trustees shall have authority to add, from time to time, such special features to the institution and to open such new departments of training and instruction therein as the progress of the times may require.

Sec. 6. That the Board of Trustees shall appoint a President and profesosrs of said institution, and such other officers as they may think proper to put the same in successful operation. They shall fix all salaries and wages of teachers and employees. The President selected by them shall attend every meeting of the Board for consultation and to give information concerning the institution. The Board, aided by the President, shall divide the course of study and instruction into departments, so as to secure thorough education and the best possible instruction. No girl shall be allowed to take a course in said institution who does not receive instruction in at least one industrial art.

Sec. 7. That the said Board of Trustees, as soon as practicable after their organization, shall proceed to select a location for the South Carolina Industrial and Winthrop Normal College. In the selection of the location the Trustees shall look to the convenience of the people of every section of the State; they shall take into consideration the advantages and disadvantages of the different offers, in money and sites, made for the location of the institution, and shall locate it at the place which offers the most advantages. They shall see that the bids for the location of the institution are fully secured, and shall give notice for thirty days, in three newspapers published in this State, before finally locating said institution. When the site is selected, they shall, as soon as possible, erect suitable buildings for said institution, and procure and place in the same the necessary machinery, power, fixtures, furniture, equipment, appliances and apparatus to carry into effect the intention of this Act: Provided, Said grounds, buildings and equipment shall be secured without expense to the State.

Sec. 8. That for the purpose of this Act, the authorities of any County or incorporated city or town may appropriate from their funds money to secure the location of this institution; or they may order and hold an election, and take the sense of the qualified voters upon "subscription" or "no subscription" of a definite sum, to be paid in money or bonds, giving one month's notice of same. And if a majority of the voters shall vote for subscription, the authorities shall have full power to make good the subscription in money, or in bonds which they may issue, and for whose payment, principal and interest, they shall provide.

Sec. 9. That the tuition charge for students shall be forty ($40) dollars a session: Provided, Students shall be admitted free of tuition charges who are not able to pay their tuition, as ascertained and determined by the Board of Trustees.

Sec. 10. That the said Trustees are authorized and empowered to confer degrees and grant diplomas to all persons who satisfactorily complete the prescribed courses of study and training in said institution, and a diploma from the Normal Department shall entitle the holder to teach in any of the public schools of the State as first grade teacher without further examination.

Sec. 11. That the offer of the Trustees of the Winthrop Training School to turn that institution over to the State be accepted and that that institution be merged into the Winthrop Normal College: Provided, That it be maintained at Columbia for the present, as has been the Winthrop Training School; and that one scholarship for one young woman from each County in the State be provided for until the opening of the South Carolina Industrial and Winthrop Normal College, when it shall be transferred to and merged into the college herein provided for. These scholarships are to be awarded upon competitive examination, by the State Superintendent of Education, under regulations of the said Board of Trustees.

Sec. 12. That there shall be paid out of the State treasury to the said Board of Trustees, or to such person as they may designate as Treasurer, the sum of one hundred and fifty dollars per annum for every beneficiary so appointed, thirty dollars thereof to cover necessary school expenses, and the remaining one hundred and twenty dollars to cover board, ete., of the beneficiary.

Sec. 13. That "An Act to provide for beneficiary scholarships in the Winthrop Training School for Teachers at Columbia, S. C," approved December 23d, 1887, and "An Act relating to the Winthrop Training School for Teachers," approved December 24th, 1887, be, and the same are hereby, repealed, and all the functions, rights, moneys, ete., heretofore vested in "The Trustees of the Winthrop Training School for Teachers" are hereby transferred to and vested in "The Trustees of the South Carolina Industrial and Winthrop Normal College," it being understood that this Act is to effect an enlargement and continuation of the life of the Winthrop Training Sehool for Teachers, in conjunction with provision for an education along industrial lines, under a different name and under full State control, and is a recognition of the good work done by the Winthrop Sehool during the past six years in training teachers for the common schools of this State.

Sec. 14. That the Trustees of the said South Carolina Industrial and Winthrop Normal College be authorized to make a requisition on the Superintendent and Board of Directors of the State Penitentiary for as many as one hundred able-bodied convicts, if so many be required, for the purpose of working them in the erection of buildings for said College, and the said Superintendent and Board of Directors of the Penitentiary are hereby required to furnish the number of convicts so requested, if on hand in the Penitentiary: Provided, That the Trustees of the said South Carolina Industrial and Winthrop Normal College shall be at all expense of transportation and of furnishing necessary guards, quarters and board of said convicts while under their charge.

Sec. 15. That this Act take effect and be in full force from and after its passage.

Approved December 23d, A.D. 1891.

Benjamin R. Tillman, Governor.
Eugene B. Gary, President of the Senate and Lt. Governor.
Ira B. Jones, Speaker of the House of Representatives.

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