South Carolina - Acts on Education Topics

An Act to Provide for the Establishment and Support of a State Normal School.

February 26, 1873

Acts and Joint Resolutions of the General Assembly of South Carolina 1871-72, Pages 396-400.

Whereas, the Constitution of the State of South Carolina, Article X, Section 6, declares: "Within five years after the first regular session of the General Assembly, following the adoption of this Constitution, it shall be the duty of the General Assembly to provide for the establishment and support of a State Normal School, which shall be open to all persons who may wish to become teachers; therefore,

Section 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of South Carolina, now met and sitting in General Assembly, and by the authority of the same, That there shall be established, in the city of Columbia, a school to be called "The South Carolina State Normal School," for the training and educating of teachers in the art of instructing and governing in the public schools of this State, which shall be open to all persons who may wish to become teachers.

Sec. 2. That there shall be appointed, by the Governor, by and with the approval of the Senate, a Board of Regents, to be called the Board of State Normal School Regents, of which the Governor and State Superintendent of Education shall be ex officio members; this Board shall be twelve in number, two of which shall be appointed from each Congressional District, and two from the State at large. The term of office of all members of the Board of Regents, hereafter to be appointed, (except when such appointment is for an unexpired term,) shall commence on the first Tuesday of April, and shall continue for three years, and until others are appointed by law. The Board of Regents shall be divided into three classes, so that the term of office of one class shall expire each year. The Governor shall have power to fill all vacancies which may occur by death, resignation or otherwise, until the next meeting of the General Assembly, or while the General Assembly is not in session, but the appointments thus maid shall be confirmed by the Senate during the next preceding session.

Sec. 3. That the officers of the Board of Regents shall be a President, Vice President and Secretary; they shall, severally, hold their offices for the term of one year, and until their successors are elected, and shall perform the duties incident to their office.

Sec. 4. That the Board of Regents shall hold an annual meeting, at Columbia, on the first Monday in November in each year, or at such time as may hereafter be designated by said Board. A majority of the Board shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business, but a less number may adjourn from time to time. Special meetings of the Board of Regents may be called by the Governor or the President of the said Board, on a petition signed for that purpose by any three members of the Board. At all special meetings of the Board, two-thirds of all the Regents shall be necessary to constitute a quorum. Any Regent may be removed from office for cause, by a vote of two-thirds of the Board.

Sec. 5. That the Board of Regents, and their successors in office, are hereby constituted a body corporate, with the name and style of the "Board of State Normal School Regents, of the State of South Carolina," and under that name and style shall have perpetual succession, with the right to purchase, have, hold, control, possess and enjoy to them and their successors in office, in trust for the State of South Carolina, for educational purposes solely, any lands, tenements, hereditaments, goods, chattels, and effects, of whatever nature or description the same may be, which may be necessary, and required for the legitimate purposes, objects and uses of the State Normal School, authorized by this Act, and none other, with full power to sell or dispose of such personal property, or any part thereof, when, in their judgment, it shall be for the interest of the State; to make all such contracts and agreements as shall be necessary to carry into effect the jiurposes of this Act; to sue and be sued, to plead and be impleaded in all Courts of this State; to have and to use a common seal, and the same to change, alter or renew at pleasure; to make such by-laws and regulations as they may deem proper for the well ordering and government of said corporation, and the transaction of its business: Provided, The said Board of Regents shall not have the power to sell, mortgage, or dispose of, in any way, any real estate so held by them as aforesaid, without the express authority of the General Assembly of this State, nor have power to borrow money; nor shall the indebtedness contracted, nor liabilities incurred by said Board of Regents ever, at any time, exceed, in the aggregate, the amount of money which, under the provisions of law, shall then be at their disposal, in the hands of the State Treasurer: And provided, further, That the proceeds, derived from the sale of any real or personal estate by said Board of Regents, shall be paid by them into the State Treasury, and shall become a part of the income of the State Normal School fund.

Sec. 6. That it shall be the duty of the Board of Regents to prescribe a course of study, and the time and standard of graduation, and to issue such certificates and diplomas as may, from time to time, be deemed suitable. Such certificates and diplomas shall entitle the holders to teach in any County in the State, for the time, and in the grade specified in the certificate or diploma, the said certificates and diplomas to be countersigned by the State Superintendent of Education.

Sec. 7. That at each annual meeting of the Board of Regents they shall determine what number of pupils shall be admitted into the school, and this number shall be apportioned among the Counties of this State according to the number of Representatives from said Counties in the General Assembly: Provided, That teachers holding second and third grade certificates may be admitted from the State at large.

Sec. 8. That the County School Commissioners and the County Board of Examiners shall hold competitive examinations before the first Monday in July in each year, of all persons desiring to become pupils of the State Normal School, which examination shall be conducted in the same manner as examinations for third grade teachers' certificates. A list shall be made of the applicants thus examined, and they shall receive recommendation in the order of standing in the examination: Provided, That the County School Commissioners may discriminate in favor of those whose age and experience specially fit them to become Normal pupils. After the expiration of the year, a new list must be made out, and those not recommended must be re-examined or forfeit their right to recommendation.

Sec. 9. That, to secure admission into the junior class of the Normal School, the applicant, if a male, must be fifteen years of age; or if a female, must be fourteen years of age; to enter an advanced class, the applicant must be proportionally older. Applicants must also present letters of recommendation from their County School Commissioners certifying to their good moral character and their fitness to enter the Normal School. Before entering, all applicants must sign the following declaration: "We hereby dedare that our purpose in entering the State Normal School is to fit ourselves for the profession of teaching, and that it is our intention to engage in teaching in the public schools of this State."

Sec. 10. That no religious test shall be required of any one connected with the State Normal School, nor shall there be any discrimination in the appointment of Regents for, or admission of pupils to, the said school on account of race, color or previous condition of servitude.

Sec. 11. That the State Treasurer shall, by virtue of his office, be the Treasurer of the Board of Regents of the State Normal School, but the said Board shall have power to appoint suitable persons to receive and pay to the State Treasurer any tuition fees or other moneys that may be due from any student or other person.

Sec. 12. That lectures on chemistry, anatomy, physiology, astronomy, the mechanic arts, agriculture, and on any other science or branch of literature that the said Board of Regents may direct, may be delivered to those attending said school in such manner, and upon such terms and conditions as the said Board may prescribe. That the Professors of the University of South Carolina shall, upon application of the said Board of Regents, deliver, from time to time, such lectures as shall be required, and the library of the University shall be open to, and the benefit of the same enjoyed by, the officers and pupils of the State Normal School.

Sec. 13. That the exclusive purpose of the State Normal School shall be the instruction and training of persons, both male and female, in the theory and art of teaching, and in all the branches that pertain to a good common school education; also to give instruction in the mechanic arts, agriculture, chemistry, in the arts of husbandry, the fundamental laws of the United States and this State, and in what regards the rights and duties of citizens.

Sec. 14. That, as soon as the State Normal School is prepared to receive pupils, the State Superintendent of Education shall give notice of the fact to the County School Commissioners, and the said Board of Regents shall cause notice of the same to be published in at least one newspaper in each Congressional District, at least for thirty days.

Sec. 15. That the President of the Board of Regents shall make to the State Superintendent of Education an annual report, bearing date the first Tuesday in November, which shall contain a full and detailed account of the doings of said Board, and of all their expenditures, and of all moneys received, and the prospect, progress and condition of the school, and such report, together with the reports of the different Boards of Visitors, shall be transmitted to the General Assembly by the State Superintendent of Education, as a part of his annual report, and in addition to what is now required by law.

Sec. 16. That, after the first term, and at least once in each year thereafter, the State Normal School shall be visited by three suitable persons, not members of tiie Board of Regents, but to be appointed by the State Superintendent of Education, who shall examine thoroughly into the condition, organization and management of the school, and shall report to the State Superintendent of Education their views in regard to its success and usefulness, and any other matters they may judge expedient. Such Visitors shall be appointed annually, and their report shall bear date of the first Wednesday after the first Monday of November, and cover the year preceding such date. The State Superintendent of Education shall audit the account of the Visitors for expenses actually incurred in examining the said Normal School, and the sums allowed shall be paid by the State Treasurer, out of the Normal School Fund.

Sec. 17. That the Board of Regents and the Board of Trustees aforesaid, with the State Superintendent of Education, shall, as soon as practicable after the passage of this Act, take possession of and fit up such building or buildings, with the grounds surrounding, now inclosed in what is known as the State University buildings and property, as shall be necessary to carry out the purposes of this Act; and the Board of Trustees of the University shall, on application of the Board of Regents aforesaid, surrender the same.

Sec. 18. That there shall be an annual appropriation of fifteen thousand dollars by the General Assembly for the maintenance and support of the State Normal School, which shall be styled the State Normal School Fund, to be used solely for the purposes set forth in this Act.

Sec. 19. That all Acts and amendments thereto shall be so construed as to enable the Board of Regents to carry out the provisions of this Act, and all Acts or parts of Acts conflicting with this Act are hereby repealed.

R. Howell Gleaves, President of the Senate.
Samuel J. Lee, Speaker of the House of Representatives.
Franklin J. Moses, Jr., Governor.

Approved: February 26, 1873

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