South Carolina - Acts on Education Topics

An Act to Incorporate the South Carolina Agricultural College and Mechanics' Institute.

March 12, 1872

Acts and Joint Resolutions of the General Assembly of South Carolina 1871-72, Pages 172-175.

Section 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of South Carolina, now met and sitting in General Assembly, and by the authority of the same, That a College and Institute of Mechanical Arts be established at Orangeburg, in connection with the Claflin University, to be called the South Carolina Agricultural College and Mechanics' Institute, in accordance with the provisions of the Act of Congress, passed July 2, 1862, and all Acts amendatory thereto. The design of the Institution shall be to afford instruction in practical and theoretical agriculture, mechanical art and military tactics and training.

Sec. 2. That the supervision and control of the institution aforesaid shall be vested in a Board of Trustees, in connection with the Board of Trustees of the Claflin University, to be known by the name, style, and title of the Board of Trustees of the South Carolina Agricultural College and Mechanics' Institute; said Board shall consist of nine (9) members, and shall be chosen by joint ballot of the General Assembly: Provided, That the first Board of Trustees shall be appointed by the Governor, as follows: The first three shall be elected for a term of three (3) years; the second three for two (2) years; and the third three for one (1) year; and the General Assembly shall, annually thereafter, elect, by joint ballot, three (3) members of each Board, whose term of office shall be three (3) years; said Board may elect its own Chairman. The Trustees thus appointed and elected shall, in connection with those of the Claflin University, constitute one Board, and may elect a Chairman. A majority of the Board shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business. They shall receive no compensation, but shall be paid their traveling and other expenses while employed on the business of the Board.

Sec. 3. The said Board of Trustees shall be a body corporate, capable in law of suing and being sued, holding and selling real, personal and mixed property, of contracting and being contracted with, of having and using a corporate seal, and of causing all things to be done to carry out the purposes of this Act.

Sec. 4. Should any vacancy occur in said Board of Trustees, it shall be filled by the remaining members of the Board.

Sec. 5. It shall be the duty of the Board of Trustees to meet and organize, within thirty days after the passage of this Act, at the call of the Governor of the State, or of any two members of the Board.

Sec. 6. The Legislature shall appoint a Board of Visitors bi-ennially, who shall report each year upon the condition and efficiency of this Institution.

Sec. 7. The Board of Trustees shall appoint a Secretary and Treasurer, neither of whom shall be a member of said Board. These ofhccrs shall be required to give such bond as will secure a safe administration of tluir duties. The Secretary shall also fill the oflice of General Superintendent of this Institution, upon whom shall devolve a power of general administration over all the property of this corporation, for its better perservation and improvement, and who shall also have the power, at any time, to call a meeting of the Board of Trustees: Provided, That no power herein granted to the Secretary shall extend to making any material changes, except with the concurrence and authority of the Board of Trustees. The salaries of these officers shall be determined by the Board.

Sec. 8. Whenever the Board of Trustees report that they are organized, and prepared for action, the Governor shall execute a draft on the State Treasury for the amount of interest due on the fund invested under the provisions of the Act of Congress, and which shall be under their entire and exclusive control, as likewise shall all interest afterwards accruing from said fund. They shall, also, have full control of all moneys donated, appropriations, lands or property whatsoever, coming into the possession of this corporation.

Sec. 9. The Secretary shall reside on the grounds of the institution, and besides exercising a general supervision over all the property under his care, shall keep a complete system of records. He shall open correspondence with societies for the promotion of agriculture, and make use of such means to elicit information upon all industrial topics as shall be conducive to the material welfare of the College. He shall seek to obtain such contributions lor the museums and library of said College as shall benefit the interest of agriculture and other industrial arts and sciences. He shall also keep a correct account of all the proceedings of the Board, and an accurate account of all the moneys received in the Treasury, as well as those paid out. The Secretary shall report to the Legislature at every regular session, which shall embrace all such statements, accounts, statistics, essays, and other information relative to agriculture, as may be valuable, and, also, the proceedings of the Board of Trustees of said College, to be approved by said Board.

Sec. 10. The Board of Trustees shall procure a site for an experimental farm, of such size as they may deem necessary, to be located as near as practicable to the present location of the Claflin University, so as to combine, as much as possible, practical training with theoretical instruction in the science and art of agriculture. To carry out the foregoing provision, the Board are authorized to expend a sum not to exceed one-tenth of the amount of the fund to which this State is entitled under the Act of Congress.

Sec. 11. Students shall be admitted into said College from each County, after a competitive examination among the scholars belonging to the public schools in such County, in proportion to the number of the representation in the Legislature. The time and manner of conducting said competitive examinations to be regulated by the Board of Trustees: Provided, That no Student shall be allowed to enter the College whose qualification is below the standard of the class to which he shall be aissigned. Provision shall, also, be made for receiving Students from any school, or other source, whose qualification shall fit them for entering the classes to which admission is sought. Special Students who wish to pursue any particular branch, but who do not desire any degree, may be admitted to study under such terms as the Board shall regulate.

Sec. 12. The course of instruction shall include the English language and literature, mathematics, civil, mechanical and military engineering, agricultural chemistry, mineralogy, animal and vegetable anatomy, and physiology, veterinary art, entomology, geology, political, rural and household economy, horticulture, moral and natural philosophy, history, bookkeeping, military training and tactics, and especially the application of science and the mechanical arts to practical agriculture in the field.

Sec. 13. That the College shall not be controlled to serve sectarian or political party interests, but shall be conducted for the promotion of the general good of the State, as provided for in this Act and the Act of Congress of which this forms a part.

Sec. 14. For the current expenditures of said College, certain sums of money shall be set aside in the hands of the Treasurer by the Board of Trustees, which shall be subject to the warrants of the Chairman of the Board, drawn in pursuance of the orders of the Board of Trustees. All incomes resulting irom labor, or other sources, shall be paid into the Treasury of the College. All moneys due to the Institution; of received in its behalf, shall be collected and received by the Secretary, and deposited by him with the Treasurer of the State Board of Trustees, taking his receipt therefor. The Secretary shall, with his annual report, render a full and complete account of all moneys received, and all warrants drawn on the Treasurer by him as Secretary of the Board, and shall file and preserve all vouchers, receipts, correspondence, and other papers relating thereto.

Sec. 15. The College shall have no connection whatever with, nor be in any way controlled by, a sectarian denomination.

Alonzo J. Ransier, President of the Senate.
Franklin J. Moses, Jr., Speaker of the House of Representatives.
Robert K. Scott, Governor.

Approved: March 12, 1872

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