South Carolina - The Counties

The Counties from 1664 to Present - In Order of Year Created

Year

County

Created From

County Seat

First Settled

First Settled By

Population (2020)

Notes/ Comments

1664

Craven

1st Charter

-

1670

English, Barbadians

-
Abolished in 1769

1682

Berkeley

Craven County

-

1670

English/Barbadians

-
Abolished in 1769

1682

Colleton

Craven County

-

1682

English, French Huguenots

-
Abolished in 1769

1684

Carteret

Colleton County

-

1680s

English/Barbadians

-
Abolished in 1708

1708

Granville

Carteret County

-

1680s

English/Barbadians

-
Abolished in 1769

1769

Beaufort District

Granville County

Beaufort

1680s

English/Barbadians

-
Abolished in 1800

1769

Camden District

Craven County

Camden

1730s

Scots-Irish, Quakers

-
Abolished in 1800

1769

Charles Town District

Berkeley and Colleton Counties

Charles Town

1670s

English/Barbadians

-
Renamed Charleston District in 1785; Abolished in 1800

1769

Cheraws District

Craven County

Long Bluff

1736

Welsh

-
Abolished in 1800

1769

Georgetown District

Craven County

Georgetown

1690s

English, Huguenots

-
Abolished in 1800

1769

Ninety-Six District

Indian Lands

Ninety-Six

1730s

Scots-Irish, Germans, French Huguenots

-
Abolished in 1800

1769

Orangeburgh District

Orangeburgh & Amelia Townships

Orangeburg

1730s

Reformed Swiss, German Lutherans, French Huguenots

-
Abolished in 1800

1785

Abbeville

Ninety-Six District

Abbeville

1750

French Huguenots

24,295
 

1785

Bartholomew

Charleston District

-

1670s

English/Barbadians

-
Abolished in 1791

1785

Berkeley

Charleston District

-

1670s

English/Barbadians

-
Abolished in 1791

1785

Charleston

Charleston District

Charleston

1670

English/Barbadians

-
Abolished in 1791

1785

Chester

Camden District

Chester

1755

Scots-Irish

32,294
 

1785

Chesterfield

Cheraws District

Chesterfield

1737

Welsh

43,273
 

1785

Claremont

Camden District

Statesburg

1740s

English/Welsh

-
Abolished in 1800

1785

Clarendon

Camden District

Jamesville

1750

French Huguenots

-
Abolished in 1800

1785

Colleton

Charleston District

-

1682

English, French Huguenots

-
Abolished in 1791

1785

Darlington

Cheraws District

Darlington

1738

Welsh

62,905
 

1785

Edgefield

Ninety-Six District

Edgefield

1750s

Scots-Irish

25,657
 

1785

Fairfield

Camden District

Winnsboro

1755

Scots-Irish, Huguenots

20,948
 

1785

Granville

Beaufort District

-

1680s

English/Barbadians

-
Abolished in 1798

1785

Hilton

Beaufort District

-

1717

John Barnwell

-
Abolished in 1798

1785

Kingston

Georgetown District

Kingston

1700

English, Scots-Irish

-
Abolished in 1801

1785

Lancaster

Camden District

Lancaster

1750s

Scots-Irish

96,016
 

1785

Laurens

Ninety-Six District

Laurens

1753

Scots-Irish

67,539
 

1785

Lewisburg

Orangeburg District

-

1730s

Germans, Huguenots

-
Abolished in 1791

1785 

Lexington

Orangeburg District

-

1730s

Germans, Huguenots

-
Abolished in 1791

1785

Liberty

Georgetown District

-

1730s

Welsh

-
Abolished in 1798

1785

Lincoln

Beaufort District

-

1690s

English/Barbadians

-
Abolished in 1798

1785

Marion

Charleston District

-

1690s

English/Barbadians

-
Abolished in 1791

1785

Marlboro

Cheraws District

Bennettsville

1737

Welsh

26,667
 

1785

Newberry

Ninety-Six District

Newberry

1750s

Germans, English, Scots-Irish

37,719
 

1785

Orange

Orangeburg District

Orangeburg

1730s

Reformed Swiss, German Lutherans, French Huguenots

-
Abolished in 1791

1785

Richland

Camden District

Columbia

1735

Germans, English, Scots-Irish

416,147
 

1785

Shrewsbury

Beaufort District

-

1710s

English/Welsh

-
Abolished in 1798

1785

Spartan

Ninety-Six District

Spartanburg

1755

Scots-Irish

-
Abolished in 1791

1785

Union

Ninety-Six District

Union

1749

English, Scots-Irish

27,244
 

1785

Washington

Charleston District

-

1690s

English/Barbadians

-
Abolished 1791

1785

Williamsburg

Georgetown District

Kingstree

1730s

Scots-Irish, Huguenots

31,026
 

1785

Winton

Orangeburg District

-

1740s

Germans, Huguenots

-
Abolished in 1791

1785

Winyah

Georgetown District

-

1690s

English, Huguenots

-
Abolished in 1800

1785

York

Camden District

York

1750

Scots-Irish

282,090
 

1786

Greenville

Cherokee Lands

Greenville

1777

Scots-Irish, English

525,534
 

1789
1800

Pendleton

Ninety-Six District

Pendleton

1753

English, Scots-Irish

-
Abolished in 1826

1791

Kershaw

Claremont, Richland, and Lancaster Counties

Camden

1732

English from Charles Town

65,403
 

1791

Pinckney District

Ninety-Six and Cheraws Districts

Pinckneyville

1777

Scots-Irish

-
Abolished in 1800

1791

Spartanburg

Spartan County

Spartanburg

1755

Scots-Irish

327,997
 

1791

Washington District

Cherokee Lands

Pickensville

1753

English, Scots-Irish

-
Abolished in 1798

1792

Salem

Claremont and Clarendon Counties

Salem

1750s

English, Huguenots

-
Abolished in 1800

1798

Marion

Liberty County

Marion

1735

Welsh

29,183
 

1798

Pendleton District

Washington District

Pendleton

1753

English, Scots-Irish

-
Abolished in 1800

1798
or
1800 

Sumter

Claremont, Clarendon and Salem Counties

Sumter

1740s

English, Huguenots

105,556
Year depends on how you look at it.

1800

Barnwell

Orangeburg District

Barnwell

1740s

Swiss/Palatines, Scots-Irish

20,589
Virtually same as earlier Winton County

1800

Beaufort

Beaufort District

Beaufort

1686

Scots Highlanders

187,117
 

1800

Charleston

Charleston District

Charleston

1670

English/Barbadians

408,235
 

1800

Colleton

Charleston District

Walterboro

1682

English, French Huguenots

38,8604
Totally different than first Colleton or second Colleton

1800

Georgetown

Winyah County

Georgetown

1690s

English, Huguenots

63,404
 

1800

Orangeburg

Orangeburg District

Orangeburg

1735

Reformed Swiss, German Lutherans, French Huguenots

84,223
 

1801

Horry

Kingston County

Conway

1700

English, Scots-Irish

351,029
 

1804

Lexington

Orangeburg County

Lexington

1718

1730s-Germans, Swiss

293,991
Trading Post in 1718

1826

Anderson

Pendleton County

Anderson

1777

Scots-Irish, Revolutionary Vets

203,718
 

1826

Pickens

Pendleton County

Pickens

1753

English, Scots-Irish

131,404
 

1855

Clarendon

Sumter County

Manning

1750

French Huguenots

31,144
 

1868

Oconee

Pickens County

Walhalla

1784

Germans, Revolutionary War Veterans

78,607
 

1871

Aiken

Orangeburg, Edgefield, Barnwell, and Lexington Counties

Aiken

1737

Swiss/Palatines, French Huguenots

168,808
 

1878

Hampton

Beaufort County

Hampton

1732

Swiss/Palatines, French Huguenots 

18,561
 

1882

Berkeley

Charleston County

Moncks Corner

1690s

English/Barbadians

229,861
Third incarnation of Berkeley County

1888

Florence

Clarendon, Darlington, and Marion Counties

Florence

1736

Welsh

137,059
 

1895

Saluda

Edgefield County

Saluda

1750s

French Huguenots, Scots-Irish

18,862
 

1897

Bamberg

Barnwell County

Bamberg

1750s

French Huguenots, Scots-Irish

13,311
 

1897

Cherokee

Spartanburg, Union and York Counties

Gaffney

1750s

Scots-Irish

56,216
 

1897

Dorchester

Colleton County

St. George

1696

New Englanders from Massachusetts

161,540
 

1897

Greenwood

Abbeville and Edgefield Counties

Greenwood

1750s

Scots-Irish, French Huguentots

69,351
 

1902

Lee

Darlington, Kershaw, and Sumter Counties

Bishopville

1730s

Scots-Irish, Welsh

16,531
 

1908

Calhoun

Lexington and Orangeburg Counties

St. Matthews

1730s

Scots-Irish, Germans, French Huguenots

14,119
 

1910

Dillon

Marion County

Dillon

1736

Welsh

28,292
 

1912 

Jasper

Hampton County

Ridgeland

1732

Swiss/Palatines, French Huguenots

28,791
 

1916

McCormick

Abbeville, Edgefield, and Greenwood Counties

McCormick

1750s

Scots-Irish

9,526
 

1919

Allendale

Barnwell and Hampton Counties

Allendale

1750s

French Huguenots, Scots-Irish

8,039
 

 


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