The Royal Colony of North Carolina

The "Capitals" shown above are essentially "de facto" and not official. North Carolina had no permanent Capital until Raleigh was established in 1792. Prior to the creation of Raleigh as a permanent Capital, the Governor and his Executive Council met where the Governor wanted to meet.

In the 1720s, a solid structure was built in Edenton as the "Council Chamber" and for the most part all suceeding governors met there, but certainly not exclusively. Governor George Burrington, the first Royal Governor of North Carolina, met at Edenton during all of his term in office.

His successor, Governor Gabriel Johnston, convened his Executive Council all over the map - from Brunswick Town, to Wilmington, to Edenton, to New Bern, to Bath, and at Bertie Court House. From 1739 on, he and his council met mostly in Wilmington, but again not exclusively. So did his immediate successors, President Nathaniel Rice and President Matthew Rowan.

In the 1750s, a second "Council Chamber" was erected in New Bern. Governor Arthur Dobbs began his term mostly sitting at New Bern, but the second half of his term in office was held mostly in Wilmington and Brunswick Town, again not exclusively.

Upon the death of Governor Arthur Dobbs, the new Governor William Tryon began his term in office mostly in Wilmington and at Brunswick Town. During the Regulator Movement, Gov. Tryon and his Executive Council met in Hillsborough. In April of 1771, Gov. Tryon and his Executive Council met for the first time in the new Council Chamber in the newly-built "Tryon Palace" in New Bern.

© 2004-2017 - J.D. Lewis - PO Box 1188 - Little River, SC 29566 - All Rights Reserved