North Carolina - Acts on Education Topics

An Act to Establish Graded Schools in the Town of Washington.

1897 Public Laws: Chapter 343

Public Laws and Resolutions of the State of North Carolina Passed in 1897 - Pages 522-525.
Click Here to view the March 11, 1895 Act, as repealed in Section 15 below.

The General Assembly of North Carolina do enact:

Section 1. That all the territory embraced within the corporate limits of the town of Washington, Beaufort County, shall be and is hereby constituted a school district for white and colored children.

Sec. 2. That the commissioners of the town of Washington are hereby required to submit to the qualified voters of the said town at the next election to be held in May for the municipal officers of the said town the question whether an annual tax shall be levied for the support of the public schools in the said town.

Sec. 3. That such election shall be held under the same rules and regulations as govern the elections for the municipal officers.

Sec. 4. That at the election held under the provisions of this Act those favoring the levying of such a tax shall vote a written or printed ballot with the words For Schools upon it, and those opposed to the levying of such a tax shall vote a written or printed ballot with the words Against Schools upon it.

Sec. 5. That if a majority of the qualified voters shall vote at said election in favor of levying such tax, it shall be the duty of the board of commissioners of the town of Washington and their successors to levy annually a special tax of not more than twenty cents on the hundred dollars valuation of all the taxable property in the said town and of sixty cents on the poll; and such taxes shall be due and collected annually by the town tax collector as and at the same time that other taxes are due and collected.

Sec. 6. That if a majority of said qualified voters do not vote in favor of said special tax, other elections shall be held under the provisions of this Act upon the petition of one-fifth of the qualified voters of the said town of Washington: Provided, that such elections shall not be held oftener than once a year.

Sec. 7. That the taxes levied and collected under the provisions of this Act shall be applied exclusively to the support and maintenance of the public schools of the town of Washington. Said taxes shall be paid over by the said tax collector to the treasurer of the said town, which officers shall give bonds, the former for the collection and the latter for the safe keeping and proper distribution of the said special taxes and of any other funds that may come into his hands for the use of the said public schools. Said treasurer shall keep said school taxes and funds separate and apart from all other moneys, and shall pay out the same only upon a warrant signed by the chairman and secretary of the public school committee of the public schools of the said town of Washington.

Sec. 8. That the public school committee of the said public schools shall consist of nine members, six of whom shall be of the white race and three of whom shall be of the colored race. They shall be elected by the board of town commissioners of the said town of Washington at the first regular meeting of the said board of commissioners held after the municipal election in May, next, and shall hold office from date of election.

The said three members from the colored race shall be nominated by the colored members of the board of town commissioners, and no one not so nominated shall be elected a member of the public school committee from the colored race. The said board of commissioners shall, by ballot, divide the said public school committee into three classes of three each; the members of the first classs shall hold office for a term of two years from date of election; the members of the second class shall hold office for a term of four years from date of election, and the members of the third class shall hold office for a term of six years from date of election.

All vacancies occurring in said public school committee shall be filled by the said board of town commissioners for terms of six years each except in cases of death or resignation in which cases the vacancies shall be filled only for the unexpired terms of the members dying or resigning.

Sec. 9. That the said public school committee, their associates and successors, are hereby created a body politic and corporate under the name of the "Washington Public School Committee" and shall be empowered to do all acts necessary for the proper maintenance of the public schools of the said town of Washington; it shall have entire and exclusive control of the public school interests and property of the town of Washington, and shall fix and describe rules and regulations for their own government and for the conduct of the said public schools not inconsistent with this Act.

Sec. 10. That it shall be the duty of the said Washington public school committee to establish and maintain separate graded public schools for the white and the colored children of the said town of Washington, and to appropriate all the funds derived from the special taxes hereinbefore provided and from all other sources for the public schools of the said town, so as to give equal school terms and equal school facilities to the two races.

Sec. 11. That the money which may from time to time be collected and apportioned for public school purposes under the general school law for the children of the town of Washington shall be applied to keeping up said public schools of the said town, under the order and direction of the said Washington public school committee.

Sec. 12. That should the said public school committee at any time deem the amount of tax provided in this Act insufficient for the needs of tbe public schools of the town of Washington, the board of commissioners of the said town shall, upon a petition from the said public school committee, order an election to decide whether an additional tax shall be levied, said election to be held under the same rules and regulations as the election provided for in sections 2, 3 and 4 of this Act, except that the ballots voted shall have written or printed on them: For additional school tax and Against additional school tax, and the funds derived from these additional taxes shall be collected and distributed in the same way as the funds derived from the special tax provided for in this act are collected and distributed.

Sec. 13. That the said public school committee shall make to the board of commissioners of the town of Washington annually at the end of each school year a report containing an accurate census of the school population of the town, and showing the work done and the money expended under their direction in the town of Washington on account of the said public schools; a copy of which report shall be forwarded to the superintendent of public instruction of the state and another shall be given to the county board of education. (Board of county commissioners.)

The beginning and the end of the school year shall be fixed by the said committee, and they shall take annually an accurate census of all the children in the town of Washington between the ages of six and twenty one.

Sec. 14. That the property both real and personal now belonging to school district No. 22 (white) and school district No. 11 (colored) in the county of Beaufort shall become the property of the public schools provided for in this Act and shall be vested in said Washington public school committee and their successors, in trust for said public schools: Provided, that in the event of the discontinuance of said public schools all of the property now belonging to school district No. 22 (white) shall revert to and again become the property of said district No. 22 (white), and all of the property now belonging to school district No. 11 (colored) shall revert to and again become the property of said district No. 11 (colored).

Sec. 15. That Chapter 177 of the private laws 1895, and all other Acts and clauses of Acts in conflict with this Act, are hereby repealed.

Sec. 16. This Act shall be in force from and after its ratification.

Ratified the 5th day of March, A.D. 1897.

Daniel L. Russell, Jr., Governor
Charles A. Reynolds, Lt. Governor and President of the Senate
A.F. Hileman, Speaker of the House of Representatives

State of North Carolina,
Office of Secretary of State,
Raleigh, April 28th, 1897.

I, Cyrus Thompson, Secretary of State, hereby certify that
the foregoing (manuscript) are true copies of the original acts
and resolutions on file in this office.

Cyrus Thompson,
Secretary of State.



© 2017 - J.D. Lewis - PO Box 1188 - Little River, SC 29566 - All Rights Reserved