North Carolina - Acts on Education Topics

An Act to Establish a Normal and Industrial School for White Girls.

1891 Public Laws: Chapter 139

Public Laws of the State of North Carolina Passed in 1891 - Pages 126-128.

The General Assembly of North Carolina do enact:

Section 1. That there shall be established an institution for the white race under the corporate name of "The Normal and Industrial School," the board of directors of which, hereinafter provided for, shall be a body corporate and politic, with all the powers usually conferred upon such bodies enabling them to receive, protect and hold property, and do all things necessary for the purpose for which the corporation is created.

Sec. 2. That the institution shall be located by the board of directors as elected by the general assembly of North Carolina, at some suitable place where the citizens thereof will furnish the necessary buildings or money sufficient to erect them.

Sec. 3. That the institution shall be managed by a board of directors, and the first board shall be elected by the general assembly of North Carolina. Said board of directors shall consist of nine persons, one from each congressional district, whose regular term of office shall be six years from the first day of March next after their election. The state board of education shall divide the directors into classes of three each; the term of office of the first class shall be two years from the first day of March next after appointment, of the second four years, of the third six years. The state board of education, by and with the advice and consent of the senate, shall appoint directors to fill vacancies as they may occur by the expiration of the term of office. Vacancies that may occur by death or resignation shall be filled for the unexpired term by the state board of education. All directors shall take an oath faithfully to perform their duties as required in this Act, and shall hold office until their successors shall be elected and qualified. The state superintendent of public instruction shall be an additional member of the board of directors and shall be its president. The board of directors shall report biennially before the meeting of each general assembly to the governor the operations of the institution.

Sec. 4. That as soon as the institution shall have been located and the directors appointed the president shall call a meeting of the directors, who shall make rules and regulations and provide for the opening and operation of the institution: Provided, that the board of directors shall make such regulations about the admission of pupils as will not discriminate against any county as to the number of pupils allowed it in case all applicants cannot be accommodated: Provided further, that each county shall have representation in proportion to its white school population if it desires it, and should any county fail to avail itself of its proportionate number the board of directors may recognize applicants from counties which already have their proportionate representation.

Sec. 5. The objects of the institution shall be (1) to give to young women such education as shall fit them for teaching, (2) to give instruction to young women in drawing, telegraphy, type-writing, stenography, and such other other industrial arts as may be suitable to their sex and conducive to their support and usefulness. Tuition shall be free to those who signify their intention to teach upon such conditions as may be prescribed by the board of directors.

Sec. 6. The institution shall be in regular session for at least thirty weeks per annum, and the instructors, in addition to their duties at the institution, shall be required to hold institutes in the various counties of the state, under such regulations as may be made by the directors, and without other compensation than their regular salaries at the institution. The directors and the faculty of the normal and industrial school, upon the completion of the prescribed course, shall grant certificates which shall entitle the holders to teach in any of the schools of the state, subject to the general school laws of the state as to character.

Sec. 7. That first grade certificates, upon requirements as nearly uniform as possible, shall be issued by the conductors of the respective county institutes provided for in this Act, which certificates shall be good for three years, subject to the general school laws of the state as to character, and to examination upon branches that may be subsequently added to the public school course.

Sec. 8. That as soon as the buildings shall have been erected or furnished as provided for in this Act, the four thousand dollars ($4,000) now used for county institutes, and six thousand dollars ($6,000) per annum from the general fund in the state treasury, be appropriated for the purpose of this Act. Money appropriated in this Act shall be drawn by warrant of the board of directors, or by such person as they shall designate as treasurer.

Sec. 9. That for the purpose of this Act the authorities of any incorporated city or town may appropriate from their funds money to furnish the buildings for this institution; or they may, under the provisions of the general election law, and in accordance with section thirty-seven hundred and eighty-eight of The Code, order and hold an election and take the sense of the qualified voters upon "Subscription" or "No subscription" of a definite sum to be paid in money or bonds. And if a majority of the voters shall vote for "Subscription," the authorities shall have full power to make good the subscription in money or in bonds which they may issue, and for whose payment, principal and interest, they shall provide.

Sec. 10. When an institute is held in any county under the direction of the board of directors of the normal and industrial school established by this Act, it shall be the duty of the county superintendent to assist in the exercises and it shall be the duty of the teachers to attend. The county board of education shall provide a suitable building and defray all expenses, except salary and traveling expenses, of the institute conductors.

Sec. 11. That it shall be the duty of the faculty of the normal and industrial school to extend its influence and usefulness as far as possible to persons who are unable to avail themselves of its advantages as resident students, having respect to the claims of each county in the State. To this end they shall arrange a course of reading and study which may be pursued by others than those resident at the institution. Upon application of any white person for examination upon this course at the institution, or at the county institutes provided for in this Act, an examination shall be held, and if such examination proves satisfactory the regular certificate of the institution shall be granted.

Sec. 12. The institution shall be located at a place where low rates of board can be secured in families; and for the benefit of those who may desire to avail themselves of it a matron's hall shall be established at which board shall be furnished at actual cost not to exceed eight dollars per month. In case it is impracticable to secure a matron's hall otherwise, such part as may be necessary of the first year's appropriation of six thousand dollars made by this Act may be used for that purpose, not to exceed three thousand dollars.

Sec. 13. That this Act shall be in effect from and after its ratification.

Ratified the 18th day of February, A.D. 1891.

Daniel G. Fowle, Governor
Thomas M. Holt, Lt. Governor and President of the Senate
Rufus A. Doughton, Speaker of the House of Representatives

State of North Carolina,
Office Secretary of State,
Raleigh, June 13, 1891.

I, Octavius Coke, Secretary of State, hereby certify that the fore-
going are true copies of the original acts and resolutions on file in
this office.

Octavius Coke,
Secretary of State.

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