North Carolina - Acts on Education Topics

An Act for Establishing an Academy at the Place Heretofore called Martinborough, in the County of Pitt; and for Altering the Name of Martinborough to Greenesville.

1786 - Chapter LXVII

The State Records of North Carolina - Volume XXIV, Pages 867-869

Whereas liberal subscriptions have been made, and a prospect of considerable additions towards establishing a seminary of learning at Greenesville, lately called Martinborough, in the county of Pitt: And whereas the proper education of youth is essential to the happiness and prosperity of every community, and therefore worthy the attention of the Legislature:

I. Be it Enacted by the General Assembly of the State of North Carolina, and it is hereby Enacted by the authority of the same, That an academy be erected and established at Greenesville, in Pitt County, for the education of youth, under the name and stile of the Pitt Academy.

II. And be it further Enacted by the authority aforesaid, That Richard Caswell, Hugh Williamson, William Blount, John Simpson, James Armstrong, James Gorham, John Hawkes, John Williams, Robert Williams, Arthur Forbes, Benjamin Moy, John Moy and Reading Blount, and they and their successors to be elected in manner hereinafter directed, shall forever be a body politic and corporate in deed and in name, by the stile of the trustees of the Pitt Academy, and by the same name they and their successors shall and may have perpetual succession, and be able and capable in law to receive, take and enjoy to them and their successors, lands, tenements, rents and hereditaments of any kind, nature, quality or value, in fee; and also estates for lives and for years, and all sums of money, goods, chattels and things whatsoever, of any nature, quality or value, for building, erecting and supporting the said academy, paying salaries to the president, professors and tutors thereof; and by the same name they and their successors shall and may be able to implead and be impleaded, answer and be answered unto, defend and be defended, in all courts and places, and before all judges and justices whatsoever, in all actions, pleas, plaints and demands, and to grant, bargain, sell or assign any lands, hereditaments, tenements, goods or chattels; and to act and do all things whatsoever for the use aforesaid, in as full and ample manner and form as any natural person or body politic or corporate can or may by law: That they shall and may have a common seal for the business of them and their successors, with liberty to change, break, alter or make new the same from time to time as they shall think proper.

III. And be it further Enacted by the authority aforesaid, That the said trustees, or any five or more of them, shall have full power and authority to meet at all times when they shall think proper at the said academy, to deliberate, resolve upon and carry into effect the laws and regulations to be by them made for the government of the said academy, and shall have full power to fill up any vacancies which may happen in the said incorporated body of trustees, by the death, refusal to Act, resignation or removal out of the State of any of its members; and the persons appointed to fill such vacancies, shall be and they are hereby declared to have the same power and privileges as the trustees named in and by this Act.

IV. And be it further Enacted by the authority aforesaid, That the said Trustees or a majority of them, be and they are hereby authorised and empowered to convene at Greenesville, on the first Monday in April next after the passing of this Act, and then and there elect and constitute by commission in writing under their hands, or the hands of a majority of them, and sealed with the common seal of the corporation, a proper person to preside at the said academy, who shall be a trustee during his continuance in office, and vested with the same powers, privileges and authorities as any trustee named in and by this Act; and such president, and the trustes or their successors, or any five or more of them, at all other times thereafter when met together at Greenesville, shall have full power and authority to elect and constitute one or more professors or tutors, a secretary, treasurer and steward; and also to make and ordain such laws, rules and regulations not repugnant to or inconsistent with the laws of this State, for the well ordering and governing the students, their morals, studies and academical exercises as to them shall seem meet; and to give certificates to such students as shall leave the said academy, certifying their literary merit and progress they shall have made in useful knowledge, in general they shall and may do all such things as are usually done by bodies corporate and politic, or such as may be necessary for the promotion of learning and virtue. Provided, That nothing herein contained shall be construed so as to authorise the said trustees to grant degrees of either bachelor or master of arts, or of doctor in any faculty.

V. And be it further Enacted by the authority aforesaid, That the said trustees or a majority of them are hereby authorised and declared to have power to remove or displace the professors or tutors, the secretary, treasurer and steward, or any of them, if they shall find it necessary, and appoint others in their stead; and in case of the death, resignation, or refusal to act of the president, or any of the said professors or tutors, the secretary, treasurer or steward, others shall be elected by such trustees in the room and stead of those dead, resigning or refusing to act.

VI. And be it further Enacted by the authority aforesaid, That every treasurer appointed by the trustees aforesaid, shall previous to his entering upon his office, enter into bond in the sum of one thousand pounds payable to the trustees aforesaid, conditioned for the faithful discharge of his said office and the trust reposed in him; and that all monies and chattels belonging to the said corporation, which shall be in his hands at the expiration of his office shall then be immediately paid and delivered into the hands of his successor in office; and every treasurer shall receive all monies, donations, gifts, bequests and charities whatsoever that may belong or accrue to the said academy during his office, and at the expiration thereof shall account with the trustees for the same; and on his neglect or refusal to pay and deliver to his successor as aforesaid the monies and chattels in his hands, the same mode of recovery shall and may be had against him, as is or may be had for the recovery of monies from sheriffs or other persons chargeable with public monies.

VII. And be it further Enacted by the authority aforesaid, That nothing in this Act shall be construed to prevent the trustees from distinguishing the public hall or their library by the name of such persons, who may within two years from the said first Monday in April next make the most liberal donations to the said academy: Provided nevertheless, That this seminary shall not be construed one of those mentioned or intended by the constitution.

VIII. And be it further Enacted by the authority aforesaid, That the said town heretofore known and called by the name of Martinborough, shall be hereafter called by the name of Greenesville; and that all laws which respect the said town by the first mentioned name, and all records and proceedings of whatever nature which have been heretofore made, had or done under the said first mentioned name, shall be to all intents and purposes as valid and effectual in law, as if the name of the said town had not been changed; any usage or custom to the contrary notwithstanding.

Passed Jan. 6, 1787.

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