North Carolina - Legislative Acts Creating Precincts / Counties

An Act for the Dividing the County of Guilford.

Laws of North Carolina Passed in 1785, Chapter XXIII

The State Records of North Carolina Volume XXIV - Pages 745-746.

Whereas the extent of the county of Guilford and different water courses in the same, render it inconvenient and troublesome to many of the inhabitants thereof, to attend the courts and general elections, and other public meetings appointed therein:

I. Be it Enacted by the General Assembly of the State of North Carolina, and it is hereby Enacted by the authority of the same, That from and after the passing of this Act, the said county of Guilford be divided by an east and west line, beginning at Haw River bridge, near James Martins; and that all that part of the late county of Guilford, which lies to the south of said line, shall continue and remain a distinct county by the name of Guilford; and all that other part of the said county of Guilford, which lies north of the said dividing line, shall thenceforth be erected into a new and distinct county by the name of Rockingham.

II. And for due administration of justice: Be it Enacted by the authorits aforesaid, That a court for the said county of Rockingham shall be held constantly by the justices thereof on the fourth Mondays of February, May, August and November; and the justices for the said county of Rockingham are hereby authorised and empowered to hold the first court in the same at the house of Adam Tate; all subsequent courts for said county on the days above appointed for holding courts therein, at any place to which the said justices shall from court to court adjourn themselves, until a court house shall be built for said county of Rockingham, and then all causes, matters and things depending in said court, and all manner of process returnable to the same shall be adjourned to such court house; and all courts held in and for said county of Rockingham, shall be held by commission to the justices, in the same manner and under the same rules and restrictions, and shall have and exercise the same power and jurisdiction as are or shall be prescribed for other courts held for the several counties in this State.

III. And be it further Enacted by the authority aforesaid, That nothing herein contained shall be construed to debar the late sheriff and collectors of the said county of Guilford as the same stood undivided, to make distress for any levies, fees or other dues now actually due and owing from the inhabitants of the said county as it formerly stood undivided, in the same manner as by law the said sheriff or collectors could or might have done, if the said county had remained undivided; and the said levies, fees and other dues shall be collected and accounted for in the same manner as if this Act had never been made, any thing to the contrary notwithstanding.

IV. And be it further Enacted by the authority aforesaid, That after the passing of this Act the said couny of Rockingham, shall be continued and remain part of the district of the superior court of law and equity, usually held for the district of Salisbury; and the said county treasurer of the said county of Rockingham, shall from time to time account for and pay to the public treasurer of this State for the time being, all public levies by him collected, or wherewith he shall stand chargeable, in the same manner and under the like pains and penalties as other county treasurers.

V. And be it further Enacted by the authority aforesaid, That William Dent, John Hamilton, Charles Bruice, Samuel Henderson, Joshua Smith and Abraham Philips, be appointed commissioners; and they are hereby empowered and required to run the said dividing line between the counties of Guilford and Rockingham agreeable to the directions of this Act; which said line when run by the commissioners or a majority of them, shall be by them entered on record in the court of each of the said counties, and shall thereafter be deemed and taken to be the dividing line betwen the said counties of Guilford and Rockingham.

VI. And be it further Enacted by the authority aforesaid, That James Hunter, John Dabney, Thomas Henderson, John May and Hugh Challis, Esquires, the survivor or survivors of them, be and they are hereby empowered and directed to agree and contract with workmen for erecting and building a court house, prison and stocks, for use of said county of Rockingham, at such place as they, or a majority of them or their survivors, shall agree upon. And for reimbursing the said commissioners the money they shall expend in erecting the said buildings, and running the dividing line between the said counties.

VII. Be it further Enacted by the authority aforesaid, That a tax of two shillings on each poll, and a tax of eight pence on every hundred acres of land, shall be and is hereby assessed on the taxable property in the said county of Rockingham, for two years to commence from the passing of this Act; and that all persons who shall refuse or neglect to pay said tax, at the time limited for payment of public taxes, shall be liable to the same penalties and distress as for non-payment of public taxes; and the collectors of the said county are hereby required and directed to account for and pay the monies by them so collected, to the commissioners aforesaid, after deducting two and an half per cent. for the trouble in collecting the same; and in case of failure or neglect in any of the said collectors, such collector so failing or neglecting shall be liable to the same penalties and recoveries as by law may be had against collectors of public taxes in like cases.

VIII. And be it further Enacted by the authority aforesaid, That all manner of suits, causes and pleas, whether civil or criminal, now commenced and depending in the county court of Guilford, shall continue and may be prosecuted to a final end and determination, any thing in this Act to the contrary notwithstanding.

IX. And be it further Enacted by the authority aforesaid, That the court of the said county of Rockingham, shall appoint three jurors to attend at every superior court that shall be held for the said district.

Read three times, and ratified in General Assembly, the 29th day of December, Anno Domini, 1785.

ALEXANDER MARTIN, S. S.
RICHARD DOBBS SPAIGHT, S. C.



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