North Carolina - Legislative Acts Creating Precincts / Counties

An Act for Dividing Anson County, and Other Purposes.

Laws of North Carolina Passed in 1779 (2nd Session), Chapter XVI

The State Records of North Carolina Volume XXIV - Pages 287-290.

I. Whereas the large extent of the county of Anson, together with the difficulty of crossing the river Pee Dee, especially when waters are high, renders it grievous and troublesome to many of the inhabitants to attend the courts, general musters, elections and other public meetings appointed therein;

II. Be it therefore enacted by the General Assembly of the State of North Carolina, and it is hereby enacted by the authority of the same, that from and after the passing of this act, the said county of Anson be divided into two separate and distinct counties, and that the river Pee Dee be the dividing line; and that all that part of Anson that lies on the south west side of the said river Pee Dee, shall be, continue and remain, a distinct county, by the name of Anson; and that all that other part of the county of Anson that lies on the north east side of said river, shall thenceforth be erected into a new and distinct county, by the name of Richmond County.

III. And for the due administration of justice, Be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, that a court for the said county of Richmond shall be held constantly by the justices thereof on the last Mondays in March, June, September and December; and the Justices for the said county of Richmond are hereby authorized and impowered to hold the first court for the said county of Richmond at the Presbyterian meeting house, near Hitchcock creek, on the last Monday in December next, and all subsequent courts for the said county of Richmond on the days above mentioned for holding courts therein, at any place to which the said Justices shall from court to court adjourn themselves, until a court house shall be built for the said county of Richmond, and then all causes, matters and things, depending in said court, and all manner of process returnable to the same, shall be adjourned to such court house; and all courts held in and for the said county of Richmond shall be held by commission to the justices, in the same manner, and under the same rules and restrictions, and shall have and exercise the same power and jurisdiction, as are or shall be prescribed for other courts held for the several counties in this State.

IV. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that nothing herein contained shall be construed to debar the late sheriff of the said county of Anson, as the same stood undivided, to make distress for any levies, fees, or other dues, now actually due and owing from the inhabitants of said county as it formerly stood undivided, in the same manner as by law the said sheriff could or might have done, if the said county had remained undivided; and the said levies, fees and other dues, shall be collected and accounted for in the same manner as if this act had never been made; anything herein contained to the contrary notwithstanding.

V. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that after the passing of this act the said county of Richmond shall continue and remain part of the district of Salisbury; and the county treasurer of the said county of Richmond shall from time to time account for and pay to the public treasurer of Salisbury District for the time being, all public taxes by him collected, or wherewith he shall stand chargeable, in the same manner, and under the like penalties, as other county treasurers.

VI. And be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, that Henry William Harrington, John Donaldson, William Legate, John Coal, Robert Webb, Robert Thomas and Richard Pemberton, Esquires, be, and they are hereby impowered and directed to agree with workmen for erecting and building a court house, prison and stocks for the use of the said county of Richmond, at such place as they or a majority of them shall agree upon, as near the center of the said county as conveniences will admit of, and purchase of the proprietor or proprietors of such land fifty acres of land for erecting and building the court house, prison and stocks thereon.

VII. And for reimbursing the said commissioners the money they shall expend in purchasing the aforesaid fifty acres of land, and erecting the said buildings; Be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, that a tax of two shillings in the hundred pounds, shall be, and is hereby assessed, on the taxable property in the said county of Richmond, for three years, and two shillings on all taxable persons that are not possessed of taxable property of the value of one hundred pounds, to commence from the passing of this act; and that all persons who shall neglect or refuse to pay the said tax at the time limited for payment of public taxes, shall be liable to the same penalties and distress, as for non-payment of public taxes; and the sheriff of the said county of Richmond is hereby directed and required to account for and pay the monies by him so collected to the commissioners aforesaid, after deducting his commissions for collecting the same; and in case of failure or neglect in the said sheriff, he so failing or neglecting shall be liable to the same penalties and recoveries as by law may be had against sheriffs for public taxes in like cases.

VIII. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That all manner of suits, causes and pleas, whether civil or criminal, now commenced in the county court of Anson, shall continue and may be prosecuted to a final end and determination; any thing in this act contained to the contrary, notwithstanding.

IX. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That the said county court of Richmond shall, from and after the last Monday of December next, nominate and appoint three freeholders to serve as jurors at the superior courts held for the district of Salisbury.

X. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That all entries of land lying in the said county of Richmond, which hath or hereafter shall be made with the entry taker of Anson County on or before the first day of December next, and shall remain unsurveyed on the day aforesaid, that it shall and may be lawful for the entry taker of Anson County, and he is hereby directed to issue warrants for all such entries aforesaid, to the surveyor of said county of Richmond; anything in this Act to the contrary notwithstanding.

XI. And be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, That courts for the county of Anson shall be held hereafter by the justices thereof on the first Mondays in January, April, July and October; and the justices of the said county of Anson are hereby authorized and empowered to hold the first court of the said county of Anson at the court house of Anson, and all subsequent courts for the said county of Anson on the days above mentione for holding courts therein, at any place to which the said justices shall from court to court adjourn the said court, until a court house shall be built for the said county of Anson; and that all causes, matters and things, depending in the said court, and all process returnable to the same, shall be adjourned to such court house.

XII. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That David Love, Richard Farr, Thomas Lacey, George Davison, Shem Thomson, William Johnson and John Jackson, or a majority of them, be and are hereby impowered and directed to agree and contract with workmen for erecting and building a court house, prison and stocks, for the use of the said county of Anson, at such place as they, or a majority of them, shall agree upon, as near the centre of the said county of Anson as conveniences will admit of, and purchase of the proprietor or proprietors of such land fifty acres of land, for erecting a court house, prison and stocks, thereon.

XIII. And for reimbursing the said commissioners the monies they shall expend in purchasing the said land, and erecting the said buildings; Be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, that a tax of two shillings in each hundred pounds value of taxable property shall be, and is hereby assessed on the taxable property in the said county of Anson for three years, and a poll tax of two shillings on each taxable person in said county that is not possessed of taxable property to the value of one hundred pounds, to commence from the passing of this act; and that all persons who shall neglect or refuse to pay the same at the time limited for payment of public taxes, shall be liable to the same penalties and distress as for non-payment of public taxes; and the sheriff of said county is hereby required to collect, account for, and pay the monies so collected to the commissioners aforesaid, after deducting his commissions for collecting the same; and in case of failure or neglect of the said sheriff, he so failing or neglecting, shall be liable to the same penalties and recoveries as by law may be had against sheriffs for failing to collect public taxes.

XIV. And be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, that the said county court of Anson, from and after the passing of this Act, shall nominate and appoint three freeholders to attend the superior court of Salisbury as jurors.

XV. And be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, that after the passing of this act, the persons who are now in the commission of the peace for the county of Anson, shall be and continue justices of the peace for either of the aforesaid counties in which they shall reside, and shall be impowered to hold courts, and execute all and every thing appertaining to the office of a justice of the peace for the counties of Anson and Richmond; and all militia officers of the aforesaid county shall exercise their respective offices and commissions, until new commissions can be had; any thing to the contrary, notwithstanding.

XVI. And be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, that the next general election for the county of Anson shall be held at the meeting house, known by the name of Chiles's Golds-Fork meeting house; and the next general election for the county of Richmond shall be held at the Presbyterian meeting house, near Hitchcock Creek; anything to the contrary, notwithstanding.

Read three times, and ratified in General Assembly, the tenth day of November, 1779.

ABNER NASH, S. S.
THOMAS BENBURY, S. C.



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