North Carolina - Legislative Acts Creating Precincts / Counties

An Act for Dividing Craven County into Two Distinct Counties, and for Other Purposes Therein Mentioned.

Laws of North Carolina Passed in 1779, Chapter XVIII

The State Records of North Carolina Volume XXIV - Pages 225-227.

I. Whereas, the large extent of the County of Craven, renders the attendance of the Inhabitants on the extreme part thereof at the Court House to perform public duties, difficult and expensive, for remedy whereof,

II. Be it Enacted by the General Assembly of the State of North Carolina, and it is hereby Enacted by the authority of the same, That from and after the passing of this Act, the said County of Craven shall be divided into two distinct Counties, by a line beginning at that part of Carteret line, which lies directly South from the Head of Reedy Branch, running thence to the head of the said Branch, and so down the meanders of the same to Trent River, thence up Trent River to the mouth of Deep Gulley Branch, to Dover or Batchelor Desart, thence up Dover or Batchelor Desart to the plantation of Thomas Kent, thence a direct Course to the South West Bridge, at Dobbs County Line, and that all that part of the said County of Craven which lies above or Westwardly of the said dividing line, shall be established a new and distinct County by the name of Jones.

III. And be it further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid, That John Bryan, Emanuel Simmons and Christopher Neale or a majority of them be, and they are hereby appointed Commissioners to lay out and mark so much of the said dividing line as is not a natural Boundary, and that the same shall be recorded in the respective Courts of said Counties.

IV. And for the due Administration of Justice, Be it Enacted by the Authority aforesaid, That Justices of the Peace shall be nominated and commissioned and Courts shall be held in the said County of Jones, in the same manner and with the same Jurisdictions as Justices & Courts in other Counties have and Exercise, and that the Courts for the said County of Jones, shall be held constantly on the third Mondays in March, June, September and December in each and every Year.

V. And be it further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid that John Bryan, Emanuel Simmons, Edmund Hatch, John Isler and Lewis Bryan, or a majority of them, be, and they are hereby appointed Commissioners, for fixing on the most centrical and convenient place in the said County for building a Court House, Prison and Stocks, and for purchasing five Acres of Land at such place for the use and benefit of the said County, and when the said place is fixed upon, and the said Land purchased, the said Commissioners or a majority of them, shall and they are hereby impowered to Contract and agree with Workmen for the building and finishing thereat a Court House, Prison and Stocks—And as it will necessarily be a considerable time before the said Building can be compleated.

VI. Be it Enacted by the Authority aforesaid, That the first Court to be held for the County aforesaid, shall be held at the House of Thomas Webber at Trent Bridge, and the Justices when met, and having formed a Court shall either continue to hold their subsequent Court at the said House, until the Court House shall be built, or shall have power to adjourn to any other more convenient place in the said County; they having first duly qualified themselves by taking the Oaths prescribed by Law in such Cases, and the said Justices being so qualified are hereby declared during their Continuance in Office as well within their County Courts as without to have the same powers, and Authorities, and to be subject to the same forfeitures and penalties, as Other Justices of the Peace in this State are liable to.

VII. And be it further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid, That all Causes, Pleas and Suits, and every Species of Controversy and litigation whatsoever in the County Court of Craven, now commenced or depending shall be proceeded on in the said Court, in the same manner as if this Act had never been made.

VIII. And be it further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid, That a tax of three shillings be laid on every Hundred pounds Value of taxable property in the said County of Jones, to be levied agreeable to the Assessment Act, and a poll Tax of three Shillings on all persons in the said County who have not taxable property to the value of One Hundred pounds, for two years for the purpose of defraying the expences of purchasing the said Land, erecting the public Buildings thereon, and paying the Commissioners for their Trouble and Expences in and about the premises; which said Taxes shall be collected in the same manner and under the like Conditions, as other public taxes are, and shall be paid into the Hands of the Commissioners appointed for building a Court House, &c., the Collectors first deducting their Commissions for their trouble of collecting the same; and in case there shall remain any surplus after defraying the expences aforesaid, the same shall be applied by the County Court towards defraying the Contingent Charges of the said County.

IX. And be it further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid, That the said Commissioners shall from time to time, when called on by their County Court, account for the Monies by them received, for the purposes aforesaid, and when the Building shall be compleated, and other expences defrayed, the said Court on settlement with them, shall make a reasonable allowance for their trouble, and expence, and shall apply any surplus that may remain in manner as is before directed.

X. And be it Enacted by the authority aforesaid, That nothing herein contained, shall be construed to bar the Sheriff, or Collectors of the County of Craven, as the same stood undivided, to make distress for any taxes, fees or other dues, which may be owing from the Inhabitants of the said County, at the time of passing this Act, in the same manner as if this Act had never been made.

XI. And be it further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid, That the said County of Jones shall be and remain part of the District of New Bern, and the Justices of the said County, shall appoint five free holders to serve as Jurors, at the Superior Court of New Bern aforesaid, and the said County, shall have and enjoy the same rights and privileges, of sending members to the General Assembly, as other Counties in this State have.

XII. And be it further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid, That after the passing of this Act, the County Court of Craven shall nominate, and appoint, no more than seven Jurymen to attend the Superior Court of New Bern.

XIII. And be it further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid, That all Warrants for surveying vacant Lands, within the County of Jones, not already executed, shall be executed, by the proper Surveyor of the said County.

Read three times and Ratified in General Assembly, the 12 Day of February, Anno Dom. 1779.

ALLEN JONES, S. S.
THOS. BENBURY, S. C.



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