North Carolina in the American Civil War

North Carolina - Military Legislation - Acts, Resolutions, Ordinances
From January 1861 to February 1865 the North Carolina General Assembly passed many Legislative Acts and Resolutions regarding the State's military organization and management. In addition, the State Convention of the People passed many Ordinances and Resolutions from May 1861 to May 1862 regarding the same topic. Below are all known Acts, Resolutions, and Ordinances passed during the American Civil War, excluding those singularly pertaining to military pay, of which there were many.

Date Ratified

Title (Click to Read Entire Act)

Comments

January XX, 1861

An Act to Provide for the Purchase of Arms and Munitions of War
$300,000 appropriated. Major D. H. Hill and Col. C. C. Tew to advise the Governor.

February 18, 1861

An Act to Incorporate the Volunteer Company in the Town of Kenansville, Duplin County
Duplin Riflemen commanded by John J. Whitehead.

February 18, 1861

An Act to Incorporate the Wilmington Horse Artillery Company
Wilmington Horse Artillery Troop, shall be directly subordinate to the chief of artillery to the State.

February 19, 1861

An Act to Incorporate the Buncombe Riflemen
W. W. McDowell, W. M. Hardy, Thomas L. Clayton and J. M. Israel, and their associates.

February 20, 1861

An Act to Amend the Seventieth Chapter of the Revised Code, "Militia"
31 Sections describing organization and management. All Free White Males 18-45 subject to draft.

February 22, 1861

An Act to Incorporate the Piney Woods Cavalry and Wake Light Dragoons, also Other Companies
Piney Woods Cavalry, Wake Light Dragoons, Perquimans Guards, Perquimans Rangers, Smithville Guards, Pee Dee Guards, Warren Horse Guards, Warren Guards, Independent Greens, Wilmington Rifle Guards, Neuse Cavalry, and Rocky Mount Light Infantry.

February 23, 1861

An Act to Incorporate the Independent Grays, the Topsail Riflemen, the Franklin Rifles, Albemarle Guards, and the Sharon Riflemen
Plus: Cape Fear Riflemen, Burke Mounted Riflemen, Cleveland Guards, Cabarrus Guards, The Black Boys, Old Topsail Rifles, Northampton Home Guards, Yanceyville Grays, Rocky Mount Cavalry, State Guards of Pasquotank, Junaluska Zouaves, and Jackson Rifle Company.

February 23, 1861

An Act to Incorporate the Orange Light Infantry
Captain R. J. Ashe of Chapel Hill.

February 25, 1861

An Act to Create the Artilery Corps of North Carolina
Arms and equipment shall be furnished by the Governor, who shall also appoint a Chief of Artillery with rank of Colonel. Corps to include ten (10) companies.

February XX, 1861

An Act to Incorporate the Granville Independent Greys
Captain George L. Wortham.

May 8, 1861

An Act to Provide for the Manufacture of Arms and Other Munitions of War
Fayetteville Arsenal designated as a place to build weapons, with a Colonel to be named in charge. $200,000 appropriated.

May 8, 1861

An Act to Raise Ten Thousand Troops
15 Sections. 10,000 State Troops to serve for the duration of the war. Ten regiments; one artillery, one cavalry, eight infantry.

May 10, 1861

An Act to Create a Military Board
3 members, one must have military background, to advise the Governor.

May 10, 1861

An Act to Provide for the Public Defense
18 Sections. Governor may raise 20,000 to 50,000 men for defense, to serve twelve (12) months.

May 11, 1861

Resolution Authorizing the Governor to Erect Batteries or Other Fortifications, And to Purchase or Charter and Equip Such Steamers or Other Vessels as May be Necessary for the Defense of the Sea Coast of This State
Batteries at Hatteras and Ocracoke.

May 13, 1861

An Act to Provide for the Organization of the Departments of the Military Service and for Other Purposes
Adjutant General, Quartermaster General, Paymaster General, Inspector General, Commissary General of Subsistence, and Surgeon General.

June 21, 1861

A Resolution to Raise an Additional Battalion of Cavalry
Not exceeding five troops or a half regiment.

June 22, 1861

Resolution Authorizing the Raising of Recruits for the 1st Regiment of North Carolina Volunteers
aka Bethel Regiment.

June 26, 1861

An Ordinance to Provide for the Payment of the Militia While in Active Service
Only while on active duty.

June 27, 1861

An Ordinance to Provide for the Disposition of the State Troops and Volunteers Raised Under the Acts of the General Assembly, Respectively, Entitled, "An Act to Raise Ten Thousand Troops," Ratified the 8th Day of May and "An Act to Provide for the Public Defense," Ratified the 10th Day of May, 1861, and for Other Purposes
11 Sections. State Troops to be transferred to Confederate Army. No more volunteers for only twelve (12) months. Existing volunteers regiments to be discharged on August 20, 1861, and may be reconstituted as State Troops for the duration of the war.

August 30, 1861

An Act to Increase the Legion of Companies of Cavalry Commanded by Col. Samuel B. Spruill to Ten Companies
Increase of Resolution above, dated June 21, 1861.

September 11, 1861

An Act to Incorporate the Independent Guards
Volunteer company in the town of Wilmington, commanded by James G. Burr.

September 12, 1861

An Act Authorizing a Special Company of Cavalry
Cavalry Volunteers raised by B. S. Tucker, Wiley G. Riddick, Will. M. Boylan, Fabius Perry, J. Robert Jeffreys, T. J. Utley, J. B. G. Grimes.

September 12, 1861

An Act Concerning Future Requisition of Troops
To apportion drafts fairly among the many counties of the State.

September 12, 1861

Resolution Directing How the Several Regiments of Troops Raised in This State Shall be Numbered
Regiments of Volunteers and Regiments of State Troops shall be numbered separately.

September 13, 1861

Resolution Concerning Camp Instruction
Establish a camp of instruction for volunteers at Laurinburgh, and continue a camp of instruction near Asheville until December 1, 1861.

September 20, 1861

An Act to Provide Additional Defenses for the Coast of North Carolina
Governor authorized to purchase five steam propeller gun boats, and have them armed with suitable rifle guns, and otherwise fitted as iron cased batteries, for the protection of Albemarle, Pamlico and Currituck sounds. Governor authorized to establish a battalion of marine artillery to consist of two companies of eighty four men each. Governor authorized to have constructed twelve gun boats or launches, and have them armed with rifle guns and boat howitzers and otherwise equipped for the battalion of marine artillery. $150,000 appropriated.

September 20, 1861

An Act to Raise a Force for the Defense of the State
10 Sections. Governor authorized to raise 11,000 volunteers for the duration of the war. Independent companies may be accepted, but to be transferred to Confederate Army.

September 20, 1861

Militia Bill
94 Sections. Total rework of existing militia law. 28 brigades and 116 companies, per county, defined. All Free White Males 18-50 must serve. Those exempt defined. Militia Rules & Regulations defined.

September 20, 1861

Resolution That it Shall be the Duty of the Governor to Establish a Military Camp
Governor to establish a new camp of instruction on the North Fork of New River, near the Tennessee line.

September 21, 1861

An Act for the Defense of North Carolina
Governor authorized to organize all volunteers offering their services for the local defense of North Carolina, or such number as he may think necessary, into companies, battalions, squadrons, regiments, brigades, and divisions - based on Confederate Congress Act of August 21, 1861.

September 21, 1861

An Act to Appoint Drill Masters for the Several Counties in This State
Governor to appoint one or more drill masters, whose duty it shall be to drill the officers of the militia companies in their several counties, at least once in every two weeks.

September 23, 1861

An Act to Authorize a Special Company of Cavalry
Governor authorized to receive a company of cavalry volunteers being raised by Alexander Murchison for twelve months.

December 6, 1861

An Ordinance to Transfer Certain Companies to Col. Green's Regiment
Ordinance from State Convention of the People. Two companies now at High Point, under the command of Captains Cook and Sharp.

December 6, 1861

A Resolution to Transfer Certain Military Companies to Col. W.J. Green
Resolution from the General Assembly. Transfer to Colonel W. J. Green's Independent North Carolina Regiment all such companies not yet assigned.

December 12, 1861

An Ordinance to Authorize the Raising of a Battalion of Six Companies, or Regiment of Troops for Twelve Months
Governor authorized to receive into the service a Battalion of Infantry, to consist of six companies, for twelve months, or a regiment of ten companies, to be composed of volunteers who belonged to the First Regiment of North Carolina Volunteers, the LaFayette Light Infantry, and the Independent Light Infantry of the town of Fayetteville included. Said battalion or regiment shall be transferred within convenient time to and accepted by the government of the Confederate States.

December 12, 1861

An Ordinance to Regulate Militia Muster
Militia companies shall not be required to assemble for the purpose of drill and muster, more than once in each month, except for battalion or regimental muster.

January 21, 1862

An Ordinance to Authorize the Governor to Embody the Militia for the Defense of the State
To repel the invasion of the State.

February 14, 1862

Resolutions Relating to Re-Enlistment of Volunteers
Congress of the Confederate States should offer such inducements in bounties of money and public land.

February 15, 1862

Resolution to Raise Certain Artillery Companies for the Defense of Wilmington
Governor authorized to raise by volunteer enlistment, not exceeding three artillery companies to serve at the batteries already erected, or which may hereafter be erected on the Cape Fear River, below or at, and in the vicinity of the town of Wilmington.

February 19, 1862

An Ordinance to Raise North Carolina's Quota of Confederate Troops
Governor shall call upon the counties to furnish, by volunteering, the necessary number of troops, under the present requisition, according to white population (after crediting them with the troops already in the service, for three years or the war, and the volunteers for twelve months) to complete their respective quotas, on or before the 15th of March, 1862. Must serve for three years or the duration of the war. Bounties to be paid.

February 26, 1862

An Ordinance Regulating the Appointment of Company Officers
Any vacancy shall be filled by promotion of the officers next in grade in said company; and whenever a vacancy shall occur in the office of junior second lieutenant, the vacancy shall be filled by election by the non-commissioned officers and privates of the company in which such vacancy occurs.

May 6, 1862

An Ordinance Amdendatory of an Ordinance to Raise North Carolina's Quota of Confederate Troops, Passed and Ratified the 19th Day of February, A.D., 1862
Change in bounty payments. Plus, all volunteers over 35 may be discharged if not already on the Confederate line.

May 12, 1862

An Ordinance to Repeal an Ordinance Passed at the Present Session of this Convention, Entitled "An Ordinance Amdendatory of an Ordinance to Raise North Carolina's Quota of Confederate Troops, Passed and Ratified the 19th Day of February, A.D., 1862," and to Extend the Provisions as to Bounty to Certain Other Persons
Another change in bounty payments. Plus again, all volunteers over 35 may be discharged if not already on the Confederate line.

December 17, 1862

An Act to Amend an Act Entitled, "Militia Bill," Ratified the 20th Day of September, 1861
Minor changes. Officers no longer required to be in uniform during drills.

December 20, 1862

Resolution Providing for a Roll of Honor
Governor to prepare a book in which shall be placed the name, rank, regiment, and residence of every soldier of this State, who has died or may die in the service of his county during the present war. Also for those who distinguished themselves in service.

December 22, 1862

An Act to Amend Second Section of an Ordinance of the Convention, Ratified the Twelfth Day of May, A.D., 1862, Entitled, "An Ordinance to Repeal an Ordinance Passed at the Present Session of this Convention, Entitled, 'An Ordinance Amendatory of an Ordinance to Raise North Carolina's Quota of Confederate Troops, Passed and Ratified the Nineteenth Day of February, A.D., 1862, and to Extend the Provisions as to Bounty to Certain Other Persons'"
Only citizens of North Carolina may receive any bounties offered.

February 6, 1863

An Act to Amend the Militia Bill
Added two exemptions to militia service stewards of two colleges.

February 10, 1863

An Act to Amend an Act Entitled, "Militia"
Governor may call out men 18-45 years old. Comprehensive list of those exempted. Governor may appoint drill instructors.

February 11, 1863

An Act to Amend an Act Entitled "An Act to Amend an Act Entitled, "Militia," Passed at the Present Session of the General Assembly
Clarified exemptions for Supreme Court justices and Superior Court judges.

February 11, 1863

An Act to Amend the Militia Law
No person over forty-five years and one month of age, shall be required to perform military duty.

July 4, 1863

A Resolution of Thanks to Captain John Elliott, of Pasquotank County, and Those Under His Command
They captured the two federal steamers, Arrow and Emily, mail boats.

July 7, 1863

An Act in Relation to the Militia, and a Guard for Home Defense
10 Sections. Exemptions from service in the Militia of the State shall be for the same causes, and to the same extent, and no farther, than are prescribed in the Acts of Congress of the Confederate States. All men from 18-50 shall serve in Militia or Home Guard. Quakers exempted. Home Guard not to leave the State.

July 7, 1863

An Act Providing for Local Defense in This State
Governor may accept the services of as many companies of troops as be formed by the citizens of this State, residing east of the Chowan River, and in such other counties in the eastern section of the State as are similarly situated, for special service and local defense in that section of the State.

July 7, 1863

Resolution of Thanks to a Detachment of Six Men from Captain Barrington's Company, of Major J.N. Whitford's Command, for Gallant Conduct
For their gallant and daring conduct in boarding and capturing the crew of one of the enemy's boats (the Sea Bird) on the Neuse River, and in burning and destroying the said boat and cargo.

July 7, 1863

Resolution Requiring Adjutant General to Prepare a Tabular Statement of the Number of Volunteers from Each County of the State
Adjutant General required to prepare a tabular statement of the number of volunteers and conscripts in each of the several counties of this State, the two classes being kept separate and distinct; together with the period when the term of service of each volunteer and conscript may have expired by death or discharge, and that the Governor cause said statement to be published in one or more newspapers of the State, on or before the 1st day of November next.

December 12, 1863

An Act to Amend an Act Approved 20th September, 1861, Entitled Militia
The assistants to the Adjutant General and the clerks shall receive such pay, not exceeding fifteen hundred dollars per annum, as the Adjutant General may determine.

December 12, 1863

An Act to Incorporate the North Carolina Volunteer Navy Company
John L. Jones, Jackson Jones, Jefferson Horner, Jesse Meadows, Dudley Nichols, John Blacknall, E. H. Lyon, E. Dalby, Alexander Oldham, J. G. Hester, R. W. Minor, Williamson Harris, and Eli W. Hall may create a company to cruise against the enemy's commerce where found, according to the provisions of the Act of Congress to establish a volunteer navy. Primary purpose to run through the blockade to deliver cotton, tobacco and naval stores, to some safe point in Europe, to be used by the company in purchasing, arming and equipping vessels for the cruising service, not exceeding two more vessels.

December 14, 1863

An Act to Amend an Act in Relation to the Militia and a Guard for Home Defense
Companies to drill no more than once a month, regiments to drill no more than twice a year. Governor may use the guards for home defense for the purpose of arresting conscripts and deserters. New exemptions identified. Governor may appoint surgical boards to adjudicate physical exemptions.

December 14, 1863

An Act to Exempt Certain Officers and Employees of the State from Conscription
Long list of exemptions, above those approved by the Confederate Congress.

May 25, 1864

Resolution of Thanks to Maj. Gen. Hoke, Brig. Gen. Ransom, and Commander Cooke
For the recapture of the towns of Plymouth and Washington from the enemy.

May 27, 1864

Resolution of Thanks to the Officers and Soldiers of North Carolina
To all officers and soliders for the brave and gallant manner in which they have lately met and repelled the invading foe, (in Virginia and North Carolina, or elsewhere).

May 28, 1864

Resolution in Reference to the Military Organization Known as "Mallett's Battalion"
To have NC Senators and Representatives to request the Confederate Congress to accept this military unit into the Confederate Army.

May 28, 1864

Resolution Concerning the North Carolina Wounded
Surgeon General is instructed to use his influence in obtaining the transfer ot the North Carolina wounded, or as many thereof as may be practicable, from the hospitals in Richmond to the hospitals in this city and elsewhere in the State.

December 6, 1864

Resolution of Thanks to the Officers and Soldiers of North Carolina
For the brave and gallant manner in which they have conducted themselves during the campaign of 1864.

December 17, 1864

Resolution of Thanks to Colonel Joseph B. Starr, and His Command, for the Successful Repulse of the Public Enemy Near Kinston
On Monday, the 12th of December.

December 17, 1864

Resolution of Thanks to the Junior Reserves and Home Guard
Those who volunteered to cross the State Line into Virginia, in order to repel the late advance of the public enemy on Weldon.

December 20, 1864

Resolution Relating to Brigading Certain North Carolina Regiments
The 29th, 39th, 58th and 60th NC Regiments need a NC Brigadier General over them. NC Senators and Representatives in Congress instructed to make this happen.

December 22, 1864

Resolution of Instructions to Our Senators and Representatives in Congress, in Regard to Disabled Soldiers
NC Senators and Representatives in Congress be requested to use their influence in procuring the passage of a law, which shall allow pay to soldiers discharged from the army on account of being disabled, such as is given to those who are placed on the retired list, but not actually discharged.

December 23, 1864

An Act for Local Defense
Men over the age of fifty years, or otherwise not liable to military duty, may associate themselves as a military company, as conservators of the peace, shall be considered as belonging to the State Troops of North Carolina, serving without pay or allowance. Not to leave their county.

December 23, 1864

An Act for the Relief of Suffering and Needy Prisoners of War from North Carolina
Governor anthorized to purchase $200,000 worth of cotton or tobacco, and to make all possible efforts to ship the same in connection with the shipments of the Confederate government for the relief of prisoners of war. If the Governor finds it impracticable to carry out the foregoing provisions, he is authorized to draw for and expend the sum of £5,000 sterling, from any moneys of the State in foreign countries, not otherwise appropriated, for the purpose of relief to the North Carolina prisoners of war.

December 23, 1864

An Act to Increase the Efficiency of the Home Guard Organization
Governor may consolidate companies or regiments of Home Guard and appoint a medical board to assess disabled claiming exemptions.

December 23, 1864

Resolution of Thanks to Captain John A. Teague, and the Men Under His Charge
For the efficient manner in which they have discharged their duties in defending the western border of the State from the inroads of the enemy, and depredations of bands of lawless men.

February 3, 1865

An Act in Favor of Discharged Soldiers from Confederate States Army
All persons discharged from the service of the Confederate States Army on account of physical disability, shall be exempt from Home Guard duty until said persons shall be examined by a State examining board.

February 3, 1865

Resolution in Favor of North Carolina Prisoners of War
Governor Vance requested to effect an arrangement by which the federal government may issue blankets and clothing to the soldiers in the Confederate service, from North Carolina, now prisoners in the United States upon condition that blankets and clothing in like number and quantity be issued to to federal prisioners at Salisbury.

February 6, 1865

Resolution in Favor of Senior and Junior Reserves
Gov. Vance requested to correspond with the Confederate authorities and use every effort possible to procure from them suitable and comfortable accommodations, especially surgeons, medicines, ambulances, and baggage wagons for our junior and senior reserves, now said to be in a suffering condition.

February 7, 1865

An Act to Amend an Act Entitled An Act to Increase the Efficiency of the Home Guard Organization
Governor may - again - consolidate companies or regiments of Home Guard. More exemptions identified.

 


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