The earliest European settlers that
came into Carolina were "illegals" from Virginia, who
were primarily English and Welsh, with a few Scots-Irish as well.
Once it became "legal" to settle in the new colony,
again this first group was from Virginia and they settled in
the Albemarle region along the mouths of the many rivers. Of
course, they shared the land with the Native Americans already
there. The second group to arrive landed along the Ashley River
in South Carolina - and the land in between slowly began to fill
up - with two distinct cultures.
During the Lords Proprietors' control
of Carolina, there never was a single "gigantic influx"
of people. The early settling of Carolina was slow and sporadic.
By 1729, there had been only twelve towns established, and two
of these had already been abandoned. And, by 1729, those that
had come to Carolana mostly lived within 50-75 miles from the
coast - there just weren't many rivers that were navigable too
far inland and the cutting of new roads was an expensive and
laborious task, with few in place.
But, people did come - some picked up
and left soon, thanks to the heat, the humidity, and the mosquitos
- but soon, more and more stayed. Sooner still, because of their
diverse backgrounds, religions, and personal outlooks, things
got quite interesting, to say the least. This section will attempt
to describe all these diverse groups - perhaps in too general
of terms for some folks - to "paint a picture" of how
Carolina grew and how it survived, thanks to everyone who stuck