Colonel Maurice Moore, John Herbert, and Colonel George Chicken

In 1715, Major Maurice Moore, John Herbert, and Colonel George Chicken explored the upper Savannah, Chatahoochie, and the Hiwassee Rivers in the backcountry of what are present-day South Carolina and Georgia.

A number of Cherokee chiefs having come down to Charles Town in company with a trader to express their desire for peace, a force of several hundred white troops and a number of slaves under Colonel Maurice Moore went up the Savannah River in the winter of 1715-16 and made headquarters among the Lower Cherokee, where they were met by the chiefs of the lower and some of the western towns, who reaffirmed their desire for a lasting peace with the English, but refused to fight against the Yamassee, although willing to proceed against some other tribes. They laid the blame for most of the trouble upon the traders, who "had been very abuseful to them of late."

A detachment under Colonel George Chicken, sent to the Upper Cherokee, penetrated to "Quoneashee" (Tlanusi'yi, on Hiwassee, about the present Murphy, NC) where they found the chiefs more defiant, resolved to continue the war against the Creeks, with whom the English were then trying to make peace, and demanding large supplies of guns and ammunition, saying that if they made a peace with the other tribes they would have no means of getting slaves with which to buy ammunition for themselves.

At this time they claimed 2,370 warriors, of whom half were believed to have guns. As the strength of the whole Cherokee Nation was much greater, this estimate may have been for the upper and middle Cherokee only. After "abundance of persuading" by the officers, they finally "told us they would trust us once again," and an arrangement was made to furnish them two hundred guns with a supply of ammunition, together with fifty white soldiers, to assist them against the tribes with which the English were still at war.

In March, 1716, this force was increased by one hundred men. The detachment under Colonel Chicken returned by way of the towns on the upper part of the Little Tennessee River, thus penetrating the heart of the Cherokee country.


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